Fear of stairs: types and causes, self-treatment
To be careful on stairs, especially escalators, is an element of safety technology. But some people lose rationality, they are panically afraid of stairwells, sometimes they do not know why. How the fear of stairs is called, why it occurs, and how to deal with it – let’s understand.
What is Bathmophobia
What is Bathmophobia? Bathmophobia is a fear of stairs. To be even more precise, a person is afraid of stairs. He is afraid of falling, tripping, falling through, slipping, catching his shoelace, etc. Patients try to avoid steps, especially wet, steep, frozen ones. Fear of stairs is a form of obsessive-compulsive neurosis, sometimes it is combined with psychasthenia or other disorders.
What can be behind fear of stairs (Bathmophobia what else does it mean):
- Fear of people, rape, robbery, and the like;
- fear of cardiac arrest;
- fear of natural disaster, such as earthquakes and cave-ins.
Two patterns of Bathmophobia behavior occur. Some patients fall into a stupor at the sight of steps and cannot take a single step. Others make chaotic, uncontrollable movements, run away, rushing from side to side. Such people in a moment of panic pose a danger to themselves and others.
Other symptoms and signs of Bathmophobia include:
- feeling of suffocation;
- feeling of a lump in the throat;
- loss of consciousness.
In the later stages, hallucinations occur. For example, the patient feels that the stairs have risen or changed their direction. In such cases, urgent medical and psychiatric help is needed.
Causes of occurrence
Several causes for the development of the phobia can be distinguished:
- Psychotrauma received as a child or adult. Falling down the stairs, severe fright, and memories of recovery from trauma can still be stored in the subconscious for a long time. The probability of development of a phobia is even higher if the fall happened in childhood, and besides the bruise itself the child faced parental censure.
- Developed imagination, mistrustfulness. A person with a propensity for imagination does not necessarily have to actually fall down the stairs, he can imagine it and be frightened. More often this happens in early childhood (children poorly distinguish fantasy and reality), but in adulthood due to overwork, a particular way of thinking or mental deviations can also be.
- Insanity. Phobia can develop after watching horror movies or after scary stories from friends, reports from the media.
- Genetic inheritance from distant ancestors.
Types of phobias
Fear arises both before the stairs themselves, which have a specific feature, for example, without a railing, and before the very process of descending or climbing the stairs. Let’s take a closer look at the frequently occurring forms of phobia.
Stairs without handrails
This type of phobia is connected with a fear of heights. A person is afraid of losing his balance, slipping and stumbling. And also worries about the thought that someone will push him.
Fear of going down
Fear of going down stairs could be inherited from our distant ancestors. It was not uncommon for them to stumble and fall down hillsides when fleeing from predators. It can also be triggered by associations with horror movies or by memories of personal bad experiences. For example, as a child, a person went down to the basement and something frightened him or her there, but the brain remembered the stairs as the source of the fear.
Fear of going up
Fear of climbing stairs is related to fear of collapse or of falling between the steps. May be caused by personal psychological trauma, such as when a child could not overcome a high span between stairs and fell through.
Fear of escalators
Fear of escalators is caused by fear of falling. A person is afraid that he or she will trip, will not be able to put his or her foot on the step in time, or that he or she will get caught in his or her clothes and fall. It can also be associated with a fear of heights.
This is interesting! Fear of escalators has its own name: escalophobia.
How to get rid of phobia
Fear of Bathmophobia is one of those phobias in which it is impossible to avoid the object of fear. There are escalators in every building, every mall, on the street, on public transport. Therefore it is necessary to begin treatment as soon as possible. It includes psychotherapy sessions, taking medications, and independent measures to reduce anxiety.
Psychotherapy is aimed at recognizing true fears and changing attitudes toward them. For example, if a person is afraid of a heart attack, he or she is taught to think about how many calories are burned by walking up and down the stairs and that such cardio exercise is, on the contrary, useful.
Such methods of psychology as neurolinguistic programming, cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy, psychoanalysis, Gestalt therapy and hypnosis are used for treatment. If the course of the phobia is complicated by panic attacks, hysteria, psychosis, etc., the psychotherapist will prescribe medication. The dosage and medications are chosen individually.
How to get rid of phobia and overcome the fear of walking up and down stairs on your own:
- Think back to the first time you felt fear and panic about stairs. What emotions did you experience, what were you thinking about? What preceded it?
- Analyze the situation that became traumatic. Who or what was to blame for the fall (other accident)? How could it have been changed, prevented? Can you do that now? Then why are you still afraid?
- Don’t run away from your fear; instead, walk consciously toward the stairs. In the beginning of self-treatment, ask your loved ones to help you, to be there for you, to go up and down the stairs together. Later, do it yourself.
- Learn to control your reactions and cope with panic. When you feel the onset of an attack, take deep breaths and exhale through your nose. During this time, concentrate on something pleasant and repeat the phrases “I can do it,” “stairs are safe.” Encourage yourself for each victory, for overcoming each step. As you go up and down, analyze your feelings.
What can a neglected phobia lead to?
The more neglected the disease is, the more difficult it is for a person in everyday life, in his personal life, at work. Climbing a stepladder to screw in a light bulb, descending the stairs in the entrance hall, entering the subway or public transportation, leaving the subway and climbing the stairs to the office – all this provokes a panic attack. It begins even before the person leaves the house, just thinking about the impending contact with the stairs. As a result, the patient chooses isolation, he finds himself trapped within four walls. But even this does not get rid of the tension, which in time leads to psychophysical exhaustion, which, in turn, causes new disorders.